EHR incentives money from either Medicare or Medicaid, but cannot receive from both. They are allowed to switch programs if they choose and have to meet the requirements. The health care providers who attested on the opening day on the 18th could receive their first check as early as mid-May.
A little back history about the incentive program: In 2009, the economic stimulus legislation called American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funded money for the HITECH Act (Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health). Under HITECH, physicians and practices can qualify for the payments by implementing approved EHR devices and software. The term "meaningful use" refers to using the implemented technology system for the purpose of improving accuracy of data and streamlining patient care.
Those who attest either this year or in the next, will receive the $18,000 (Medicare) or $21,250 (Medicaid) from CMS the first year. The amount decreases for each following year and will add up to either $44,000 from Medicare or $64,000 from Medicaid. There will actually be a penalty for those who start the implementation adoption process in 2013 or later - they will receive a lesser amount of incentive money than those who attested in 2011 or 2012. Providers who still have not implemented meaningful use in 2015 or later will receive a 1% deduction their yearly Medicare reimbursement. This percentage of deduction will increase every year they have still not registered. This penalty will hopefully encourage many health care facilities to adopt a certified EHR system as soon as possible.
The requirements that need to be met to receive the EHR incentive vary slightly between Medicare and Medicaid. Medicaid requires physicians to have at least 30% of their patients covered by Medicaid to eligible for that program. Eligible Medicare doctors can be general practitioners or osteopaths, dental surgeons, podiatrists, optometrists or chiropractors. Eligible Medicaid doctors can be general practitioners or osteopaths, nurse practitioners, certified nurse-midwives, dentists or physician assistants who work in Federally Qualified Health Center or Rural Health Clinics led by the physician assistant. The general guidelines for Stage 1 of meaningful use (if attesting in 2011 or 2012) for both Medicare and Medicaid go as follows: physicians and practices must have an approved EHR/EMR system implemented to provide comprehensive patient health data to the health care team and ensure that patient's records remain secure and confidential. The EHR system must be used for computerized physician order and prescription entry to avoid errors and improve the quality of information. An up-to-date problem list, based on active diagnoses,
is to be maintained and communicated to other members of the medical team so clinical decision support can be applied at the patient's point of care. Meaningful use implementation also requires practices to provide their patients and their families access to data, knowledge and tools to be able to manage their health and make smart health-related choices.